Endocrine System Final Project (Not Finish Extra Credit)

The Endocrine System consist of the following organs:Pineal Body,Hypothalamus,Pituitary,Thyroid Gland,Adrenal Gland,Pancreasw,Ovaries or Testicles depending on the gender.

Major Organs:

Pituitary Gland,or Hypophysis,Infundibulum,Posterior Pituitary,Neurohypophyis,and Anterior Pituitary or Adenohypophysis.

Pituitary Gland/Hypophysis-Located beneath the brain secretes at least nine hormonoes.

Infundibulum-A stslk of tissue that connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus

Posterior Pituitary-Composed largely of pituicytes and nerve fibers.Also release neurohormones.

Neurohypophysis- Region made up by the posterioe lobe and the infundibulum ; A storage area\

Anterior Pituitary/Adenohypophysis-Composed of glandular tissue,Manufactures and releases a number of hormomones.

Basic Functions:

Adrenal glands-Secrete hormones that influence the body’s metabolism, blood chemicals, and body characteristics.

Hypothalamus-Activates and controls the part of the nervous system that controls involuntary body functions.

Ovaries and Testicles-Secrete hormones that influence female and male characteristics, respectively.

Pancreas-Secretes a the Insulin that controls the use of glucose by the body.

Parathyroid-Secrete a hormone that maintains the calcium level in the blood.

Pineal body-Involved with daily biological cycles.

Pituitary gland-Produces a number of different hormones that influence various other endocrine glands.

Thymus gland-Plays a role in the body’s immune system.

Thyroid gland-Produces hormones that stimulate body heat production.


Diabetes is usually a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood.Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.


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