Pituitary Gland,or Hypophysis,Infundibulum,Posterior Pituitary,Neurohypophyis,and Anterior Pituitary or Adenohypophysis.
Pituitary Gland/Hypophysis-Located beneath the brain secretes at least nine hormonoes.
Infundibulum-A stslk of tissue that connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
Posterior Pituitary-Composed largely of pituicytes and nerve fibers.Also release neurohormones.
Neurohypophysis- Region made up by the posterioe lobe and the infundibulum ; A storage area\
Anterior Pituitary/Adenohypophysis-Composed of glandular tissue,Manufactures and releases a number of hormomones.
Adrenal glands-Secrete hormones that influence the body’s metabolism, blood chemicals, and body characteristics.
Hypothalamus-Activates and controls the part of the nervous system that controls involuntary body functions.
Ovaries and Testicles-Secrete hormones that influence female and male characteristics, respectively.
Pancreas-Secretes a the Insulin that controls the use of glucose by the body.
Parathyroid-Secrete a hormone that maintains the calcium level in the blood.
Pineal body-Involved with daily biological cycles.
Pituitary gland-Produces a number of different hormones that influence various other endocrine glands.
Thymus gland-Plays a role in the body’s immune system.
Thyroid gland-Produces hormones that stimulate body heat production.
Diabetes is usually a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood.Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.