Kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure to remove a healthy, functioning kidney from a living or brain-dead donor and implant it into a patient with non-functioning kidneys. Kidney transplantation is performed on patients with chronic kidney failure, or end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ESRD occurs when a disease or disorder damages the kidneys so that they are no longer capable of adequately removing fluids and wastes from the body or of maintaining the proper level of certain kidney-regulated chemicals in the bloodstream.
Cystitis is defined as inflammation of the urinary bladder.Which is the passageway that connects the bladder with the exterior of the body. Sometimes cystitis and urethritis are referred to collectively as a lower urinary tract infection, or UTI. Infection of the upper urinary tract involves the spread of bacteria to the kidney and is called pyelonephritis.The causes of cystitis vary according to sex because of the differences in anatomical structure of the urinary tract.
Kidney transplantation is involving the kidney and around its area.Cystitis is involved in the urinary bladder and around the exterior of the body. Kidney transplantation risk possible could be infections urine leak, or bleeding.
first-year billed charges for a kidney transplant are more than $262,000.